Tipu Sultan Biography: Early Life, Facts and Education
Many people know about Tipu Sultan, but there is misinformation about him. For the people, we will explore the Tipu Sultan biography. Tipu Sultan, the ruler of the famous Mysore Kingdom, was famous for his bravery in the war against the British East India Company. He was known for his bravery and courage. He is regarded as the first freedom fighter of India for his excellent fight against the British, who tried to conquer the territories under the rule of the Sultan. The Treaty of Mangalore, which was to end the Second Anglo-Mysore War, in which he signed with the British East India Company, was the last occasion that an Indian king ruled over the British.
Tipu Sultan ascended the throne after his father’s death in 1782 as the eldest son of Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore. As a ruler, he introduced many new changes in his administration. Also, expanded the Mysorean rocket, which was made of iron, which was later deployed against the advances of the British army. Along with this, he had made his place in the history of India by giving his best performance in many wars. In our today’s blog post, we will discover the Tipu Sultan biography.
Tipu Sultan Biography Summary
Let’s take a look at a summary of Tipu Sultan biography.
|Full Name||Sultan Sayeed Walsharif Fateh Ali Khan Bahadur Sahab Tipu|
|Born||20 November 1750.|
|Birthplace||Devanahalli, today the place is present in Bangalore, Karnataka.|
|Death||4 May 1799.|
|Ruler of the famous||Mysore Kingdom.|
|Religion||Islam, Sunni Islam.|
|Father Name||Hyder Ali.|
|Mother Name||Fatima Fakhr – Un – Nisa|
|Wife Name||Sindh Sultan|
|Death place||Srirangapatna, now present in Karnataka.|
Early Life of Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan’s early life was very struggling. After training in education and political affairs, his father trained him for war. He was only 15 years old when he sided with his father in the first battle of Mysore against the British in 1766.
Over the years, Hyder became famous for becoming the most powerful ruler in the South India. After his father became the ruler, Tipu continued his father’s policy with the French in their struggle against the British. With this, Tipu Sultan played an important role in many successful military campaigns of his father.
He fought many battles against the British and tried his best to save his father’s Empire from falling into the hands of the British East India Company. He remained committed to the defence of his country to a great extent.
Tipu Sultan Birth and Education
Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 in the city of Devanahalli, which is now present in Bangalore, Karnataka. His father was Hyder Ali, a military officer of the Kingdom of Mysore in South India, and his mother was Fatima Fakhr-un-Nissa.
His father came to power in 1761 as the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. He ruled the Mysore state with his status. Haider Ali, who himself was not educated, thought of giving good education to his eldest son Prince Tipu Sultan and also got him a good education.
Tipu Sultan acquired knowledge on many subjects like Hindustani language (Hindi-Urdu), Persian, Arabic, Kannada, Quran, Islamic jurisprudence, and other skills like horse riding, shooting and fencing etc.
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Because of Hyder Ali’s political connections with French officials, the young prince Tipu Sultan was trained in the army and political affairs by highly skilled French officers.
Tipu Sultan Mandate
Tipu Sultan’s reign was completed in the following phases:-
- In 1779, the British captured the French-controlled port of Mahe, which was under Tipu’s patronage. Tipu Sultan’s father Hyder Ali launched hostilities against the British in 1780 to retaliate and launched a campaign in the form of the Second Anglo-Mysore War, in which he achieved significant success. However, as the war progressed, Haider Ali succumbed to cancer and died in 1782.
- After his father’s death, being his eldest son, Tipu Sultan, on 22 December 1782 became the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. After becoming the ruler, Tipu Sultan immediately started working on military strategies, forming alliances with the Marathas and Mughals to check the advances of the British. Eventually, in 1784, Tipu II successfully signed the Treaty of Mangalore with the British to end the Anglo-Mysore War.
- As a ruler, Tipu Sultan proved himself as a skilled man. Tipu Sultan completed the projects left behind by his father, such as building roads, bridges, houses and ports, and made many military innovations like rockets in war and iron-made Mysorean rockets missiles. They used it in the fight against the British. Through his determined efforts, he created such a special military force that could cause serious damage to the British military force.
- With Far more ambition, he planned to expand his territory and set his eyes on Travancore, an ally of the British East India Company according to the Treaty of Mangalore. He launched an attack along the lines of Travancore in December 1789 and met with retaliation from the army of the Maharaja of Travancore. It was from there that the Third Anglo-Mysore War began.
- In 1790, the East India Company’s army attacked Tipu Sultan and soon established great control over the Coimbatore district. Tipu attacked Cornwallis, but he could not succeed much in his campaign. The struggle continued for two years, and to end the war in 1792; they signed the Treaty of Srirangapatna. As a result, they lost many of their territories, including Malabar and Mangalore.
- The Maharaja of Travancore appealed to the East India Company for help. In response, Lord Cornwallis allied with the Marathas and the Nizams of Hyderabad to oppose Tipu and build a stronger military force.
- Although the courageous Tipu Sultan, even after losing many of his territories, maintained an animosity by the British. In 1799, the East India Company, in alliance with the Marathas and Nizams, attacked Mysore. This was the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, in which the British captured the capital of Mysore, Srirangapatna. In this battle, the East India Company killed Tipu Sultan. Thus the reign of Tipu Sultan ended, and Tipu.
Interesting Facts about Tipu Sultan
- Tipu is generally known as the Lion of Mysore and adopted this animal as the symbol of his rule (Babri).
- Tipu Sultan converted Hindus and Christians to Islam and destroyed their temples and churches.
- The first rocket was invented by the French, which was based on the plan of Tipu Sultan and his father, Hyder Ali, which was used against the British army.
- He had learned shooting, fencing and horse riding at a very young age, and this was why he performed in battle at the age of 15, supporting his father.
- After the death of Tipu Sultan, the British took his sword and went to Britain and, considering it as a trophy of their victory, installed it in the museum there.
- Tipu Sultan played an important role in a naval building in Mysore, with 20 warships of 72 guns and 20 ships of 62 guns.
Tipu Sultan Death
Here is the end coming off the Tipu Sultan biography. Tipu Sultan died on 4 May 1799 in the third major battle, the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War. He died in the capital of Mysore, Srirangapatna. The British East India Company attacked Mysore, betrayed Tipu Sultan, killed him and captured Mysore. His body was buried in Srirangapatna in Mysore (now known as Karnataka). The British took the sword of Tipu Sultan to Britain. While protecting his Empire, he sacrificed his life while fighting the war, and he became a martyr.
So this was the blog about Tipu Sultan biography. Tipu Sultan sacrifices his life in the protection of his Empire. He wants a world of one religion, no Christians or Muslims, only one religion in the world. But he can’t do that, and this is the end of Tipu Sultan biography. Please share Tipu Sultan biography with people who want to know more about Tipu Sultan biography.
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