In this blog, you will get the answer to how an ordinary man became an Iron Man. We are talking about Sardar vallabhbhai Patel biography. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is such a name that whenever an elder had seen the freedom movement firsthand, his body is filled with new energy, but self-guilty arises in mind because of that time. Every youth wanted to see Vallabhbhai as the first Prime Minister. But, due to the policy of the British, the decision of Mahatma Gandhi and the stubbornness of Jawaharlal Nehru, that dream could not come true.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950) was a freedom fighter of India. He became the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister after India’s Independence.
Patel, who was leading the Bardoli Satyagraha, was conferred the title of Sardar by the women there on the success of the Satyagraha. Patel was also referred to as the Bismarck and Iron Man of India for playing a central role in the geopolitical integration of India, which was scattered in various princely states after Independence.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Biography
|Birth-Death||31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950|
|Place of Birth and Death||Nadiad – Bombay|
|Brothers Name||Som Bhai, Bitthal Bhai, Narseebhai|
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
Early Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
The next step to cover in Sardar vallabhbhai Patel biography is his Early life. So let’s talk about his early life.
In Nadiad village, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Iron Man of India, was born on 31 October 1875. His father, Jhaverbhai Patel, was a simple farmer, and his Mother, Lad Bhai, was an ordinary woman.
Patel had been working hard since childhood. Since childhood, Patel used to help his father in farming and NK of Petlad. Used to study in high school. He passed his high-school exams in 1896. He was a smart and learned scholar since his school days.
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His father had decided to send him to college, but Vallabhbhai refused to go to college. After this, Vallabhbhai was at home for almost three years and was preparing to pass the district leader’s examination by working hard, and he passed that examination with good marks. Later he diligently edited the title of Barrister. And simultaneously started working in the service of the country.
Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian barrister and politician and one of the main leaders of the Indian National Congress as well as one of the founders of the Republic of India.
He was a social worker who had fought hard for the country’s Independence and had contributed a lot in tying the country into the thread of unity; he dreamed of making India independent and united. In India and elsewhere, he is also known as Sardar.
Political Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Patel, as Home Minister, was the first person who Indianized the Indian Civil Services (ICS) and made them Indian Administrative Services (IAS). Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was posthumously awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest honour; in the year 1991, this award was accepted by his grandson Vipinbhai Patel. Ahmedabad airport has been named Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport in honour of Sardar Patel.
On the 137th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, former Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Sardar Patel’s memorial in Narmada district of Gujarat on 31 October 2013. It has been named ‘Statue of Unity’ to keep the memories of Sardar Patel fresh; a 3D museum of Sardar Patel has been prepared in Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Memorial Society in Shahibagh, Ahmedabad.
He came in direct contact with Gandhiji for the first time in November 1917. In 1918, systematically managed famine relief in Ahmedabad district and got a good amount of money approved from the Ahmedabad Municipal Board to the Gujarat Sabha.
A temporary hospital was established to deal with diseases like influenza. In 1918, the government successfully led the “No-Tax” movement against the land revenue collected in the famine-affected Kheda district and got the recovery forgiven. In 1919, the Gujarat Sabha was converted into the Congress Committee of the Gujarat province, and the secretary was Patel and Mahatma Gandhi as its President.
In the non-cooperation movement of 1920, Sardar Patel adopted khadi, dhoti, kurta and slippers and lit Holi of foreign clothes. Won all open seats in Ahmedabad Municipal Elections. 10 Lacs rupees collected for Tilak Swaraj Fund.
In Gujarat alone, the Indian National Congress made 3 lacs members. He decided to establish Gujarat Vidyapeeth after meeting Gandhi. In 1921, he became the chairman of the reception committee of the 36th Ahmedabad session. He became the first President of the Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee.
Sardar Patel earned a special place as a lawyer by accurately presenting weak cases and challenging police witnesses and British judges. Patel’s wife died in 1908. At that time, he had a son and a daughter. P
atel travelled to London in August 1910 to study the Middle Temple. There he studied diligently and passed the final examination with high marks.
Devotion to Gandhi
Sardar Patel had unwavering faith in Mahatma Gandhi. Patel was the last person to speak to Gandhi in private moments before his assassination. He considered the security lapse as his mistake as the Home Minister.
He could not recover from the shock of his murder. Within two months of Gandhiji’s death, Patel suffered a heart attack.
Relationships with Nehru
Some people say that the relationships between Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were not good. But in this section of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Biography, we try to cover his Relationships with Jawaharlal Nehru.
Jawaharlal Nehru was a Kashmiri Brahmin, while Sardar Patel belonged to the farming community of Gujarat.
Both were close to Gandhiji. Socialist ideas inspired Nehru. Patel was a Khanty Hindu with a soft stance towards business. He had cordial relations with Nehru, but there were differences between the two on many issues.
Both had different views on the issue of Kashmir. Patel had strongly opposed Nehru making the United Nations a mediator on the Kashmir issue.
Considering the Kashmir problem like a headache, he wanted to settle bilateral matters between India and Pakistan. He was against foreign interference on this issue.
Twenty-five years after the election of the first Prime Minister of India, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari wrote – “No doubt it would have been better if Nehru had been made the Foreign Minister and Sardar Patel as the Prime Minister. Patel lived a few more days, and he would surely have reached the post of Prime Minister, for which he probably deserved.
Sardar Patel, one of the patriots of India, was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ by the Government of India in 1991. Today Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is not among us, but he will always be remembered. On 31 October, on his birth anniversary, we pay our tributes with our Bhavanjali.
Important works by Sardar Patel after Independence
Sardar Patel did many works in his life. But many few know about it. So in this section of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel biography, we will cover his important works after Independence.
The country became independent on 15 August 1947; after this Independence, the country’s condition was very serious. Many people were homeless due to the separation of Pakistan. Each state was like an independent country, which was very important to merge in India.
This task was very difficult; after many years of slavery, no king was ready for subjugation, but Vallabhbhai was sure of everyone; he only forced the princely states for national integration without any war. The princely states were merged into the country.
The kings of Jammu and Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagadh, were not ready for this agreement. The military force had to be used against them, and eventually, these princely states also came to India. Thus, due to the efforts of Vallabhbhai Patel, 560 princely states came to India without bleeding.
Integrating the princely states into India was completed in just a few months of 1947 independence. Gandhiji said that only Sardar Patel could do the work. From the history of India till today, there was no person like him in the whole world who has presented such an example of country integration without violence. In those days, his success was discussed in the newspapers worldwide. He was compared to great people.
If Patel had been the Prime Minister today, problems like Pakistan and China would not have taken such a big form. Patel’s thinking was so mature that by reading the letter’s language, he could understand the person’s feelings in front. He alerted Nehru to China many times, but Nehru never listened to him, and the result was a war between India and China.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Death
The last part in Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel biography is about his death. After the death of Gandhiji in 1948, Patel was deeply shocked by this, and he suffered a heart attack a few months later, from which he could not recover and left this world on 15 December 1950.
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