Raja Ram Mohan Roy Biography: Raja Ram Mohan Roy is called the father of modern India and the new age of Bengal. Breaking the traditional Hindu traditions, he did many social works in the interests of women and society.
However, in the history of India, his identity is recorded as the first person to oppose the practice of Sati in the country. But apart from this, there are many such works that Raja Ram Mohan Roy did. Rammohan was not only a great educationist but also a thinker and promoter.
He was also one of the founders of the monotheistic society of Calcutta. When Indian culture and language was respected, Ram Mohan Roy favoured studying new subjects like English, Science, Western Medicine and Technology.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Biography
Below is a short summary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy Biography.
|Name||Raja Ram Mohan Roy|
|Birth Date||22 May 1772|
|Birth Place||Radhanagar Village in Hooghly District, Bengal, India|
|Profession (Occupation)||Work in the East India Company, founder of Zamindari and Social Revolution|
|Famous||for Opposing the practice of Sati, child marriage and polygamy.|
|Death||27 September 1833 at Stapleton near Bristol|
|Cause of Death||Meningitis|
|Honour||The Mughal Maharaja gave him the title of Raja|
Raja Ram Mohan’s Early Life
Ram Mohan was born on 22 May 1772 in the village of Radhanagar in Hooghly district of Bengal. His father’s name was Ramkanto Roy and mother’s name was Taarini. Ram Mohan’s family was Vaishnava, which was very passionate about religion.
As was in vogue at that time, he was married at the age of 9, but his first wife died soon after his marriage. After this, his second marriage was done at the age of 10, which gave him two sons, but in 1826 that wife also died, and after that, his third wife also could not live long.
Raja Ram Mohan’s Education
In Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography next thing we will cover about his education.
Raja Ram Mohan’s scholarship can be estimated from the fact that by the age of 15, he had learned languages like Bangla, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit.
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Raja Ram Mohan Roy did his early education in the Sanskrit and Bengali language from the village school. But later, he was sent to a madrasa in Patna, where he learned Arabic and Persian. He learned the English language at the age of 22, while for Sanskrit, he went to Kashi, where he studied the Vedas and the Upanishads.
Along with the Bible, he also studied the Quran and other Islamic texts in his life.
Raja Ram Mohan’s Rebel Life
The most important section of Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography is his Rebel Life. So let’s begin with it.
He was against Hindu worship and traditions. He strongly opposed the evils and superstitions spread in society. But his father was a follower of a traditional and staunch Vaishnava Brahmin religion.
At the age of 14, he expressed his desire to retire, but his mother did not agree to this.
Due to the anti-traditional path of Raja Rammohan Roy and his opposition to religious beliefs, there were differences between him and his father. And seeing the quarrel increasing, he left his home and went towards the Himalayas and Tibet.
Before returning home, he travelled a lot and understood the truth, country, and world. This increased his curiosity towards religion, but he returned home.
He went to Varanasi to study Upanishads and Hindu philosophy even after marriage. But when his father died, he returned to Murshidabad in 1803.
Journey of Raja Rammohan’s Ideological Revolution
In 1803, Roy expressed his opinion on the superstitions in Hinduism and the various facts involved in it. He endorsed the doctrine of monotheism, according to which only one God is the creator of the universe.
Explaining this belief through the Vedas and Upanishads, he translated their Sanskrit language into Bengali, Hindi, and English. In these, Roy explained that there is a superpower beyond human knowledge, which runs this universe.
In 1814, Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Atmiya Sabha. The purpose of the Atmiya Sabha was to change society by re-thinking social and religious issues.
Ram Mohan launched many campaigns to protect the rights of women. In which widow marriage and land-related rights of women were one of their main objectives. When his wife’s sister committed sati, he was very upset. For this reason, Ram Mohan strongly opposed the practice of Sati. He was also opposed to child marriage polygamy.
He considered education as society’s need and did many works favouring women’s education. He believed that the English language was richer and more advanced than the Indian languages , and he also opposed the government funding for Sanskrit to government schools. In 1822 he founded the English Medium School.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828. Through this, he wanted to see and understand the religious hypocrisy and the increasing influence of Christianity in society.
The efforts of Raja Ram Mohan Roy against the practice of Sati were successful when the practice of Sati was banned in 1829.
While working for the East India Company, he concluded that he needed to redefine the principles of Vedanta. He wanted to make a confluence of Western and Indian culture.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Death
The last to add in Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography is about the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy. In 1830, Raja Ram Mohan Roy went to the United Kingdom as the ambassador of Mughal Emperor Akbar II for his pension and allowances. He died of meningitis on 27 September 1833 at Stapleton near Bristol.
Conclusion of Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography
So this was the blog about Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography. We have tried to give more details about Raja Ram Mohan Roy biography. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is the forerunner of the Indian Renaissance and the father of modern India.
He was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj, the originator of the Indian linguistic press, the leader of the mass awakening and social reform movement and the father of the Renaissance era in Bengal.