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Rabindranath Tagore Biography: The Complete Life



Rabindranath Tagore Biography

In this blog, we will discuss about Rabindranath Tagore biography. Rabindranath Tagore is a personality that is very difficult to describe in words. He is one of the rare writers that you cannot find everywhere.  Rabindranath Tagore was a versatile genius in himself. Tagore family was one of the famous and prosperous Bengali families in Thakurbari of Jorasaks of Kolkata. Devendranath Tagore was the father of Rabindranath Tagore.

He was a very settled and social life person. The wife name of Devendranath Tagore was Shardadevi; she was a very straightforward and domestic lady. On 7 May 1861, his son Ratna was born. Rabindranath was his youngest son. After growing up, he became famous by the name of Gurudev.  

Tagore was very talented since childhood. Gurudev was a great poet, story writer, lyricist, musician, essay writer and painter. Rabindra Nath Tagore did not receive any formal education in art. His early education took place at St. Xavier’s School. 

He went to London with the desire to become a lawyer but returned from there without completing his studies. After that, he took over the responsibility of the house. He had a great love for nature. He believed that students should study in a natural environment. Rabindranath Tagore was the only writer whose two compositions have become the national anthems of India and Bangladesh. Most of his works are centred on the common person. 

The RabdrindraNath Tagore Biography

Rabindranath Tagore Biography: The Complete Life Rabindranath Tagore Biography

Rabindranath Tagore was also known as Gurudev. He was born to Maharishi Devendranath Tagore (Father) and Sharada Devi (Mother) in 1861 in a wealthy and cultured family at Jor-Sanko, Calcutta, on 7 May. Undoubtedly, he was one of the greatest poet after Kalidas. Today, he is famous all over the world as one of the greatest poet and writer of all time. 

He established Shantiniketan in the zenith of trees and plants. Shantiniketan stopped getting government financial support. And put his name on the blocklist of the police. The British media indiscriminately praised Tagore and sometimes criticized him sharply.

The social life of Rabindranath Tagore

Next thing that we will discuss in this Rabindranath Tagore Biography blog is their social life.

The Bang-Bhang Movement started on 16 October 1905 under the leadership of Rabindranath. This movement created the Swadeshi movement in India. The everlasting connection between man and God manifests itself in different forms in his creations. There is hardly any branch of literature in which he is not composed – poetry, song, story, novel, drama, management, sculpture – he wrote in all genres. Among his published works – Geetanjali, Geetali, Geetimalaya, Katha O Kahani, Shishu, Shishu Bholanath, Kanika, Transit, Kheya etc. are prominent. He also translated some books into English. After the English translation, his talent spread all over the world.

Tagore composed about 2,230 songs. Tagore’s music cannot be separated from his literature. Gurudev’s songs in different ragas make an impression that they were composed for that particular raga. This nature lover with a deep love for nature is the only person who wrote the national anthem for two countries.

Through his writings in the form of poems or stories, the mental and moral spirit of the people was well displayed. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre deeply saddened him. Many innocent people, including women and children, were killed in Amritsar in 1919 by General Dyer and his soldiers on 13 April.

 In 1901, Tagore established an experimental school at Shantiniketan in the rural area of ​​West Bengal with only five students. His son was also included in these five people. Around this, Shantiniketan was settled. Shantiniketan, established by him, is recognized as a model university in the whole country in the education of literature, music and art. Many geniuses like Indira Gandhi have received instruction from Shantiniketan.

 After his return from England and his marriage, until 1901, Rabindranath spent most of his time in his family’s fiefdom in Sealdah (now in Bangladesh). In 1898, his children and wife also started living with him here. He travelled far and wide in his fiefdom and closely observed the life of the rural and poor people. He wrote several short stories in the Bengali language. 

 Rabindranath moved to Shantiniketan in 1901. He wanted to establish an ashram here. In that place, he wants to build a school, library and place of worship. His father passed away in 1905. He was earning a monthly income from his inherited wealth by this time.

The lifestyle of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore believed in never stopping, continuous work. Rabindranath Tagore, in himself, has done such works, which have benefited the people. One of them is the establishment of Shantiniketan. The establishment of Shantiniketan was the dream of Gurudev, which he fulfilled in 1901. He wanted every student to study in front of nature or nature to get a perfect atmosphere. That’s why Gurudev established a library in Shantiniketan, in the trees and plants and the natural environment. After the tireless efforts of Rabindranath Tagore, Shantiniketan got the status of a university. In which many students of literary arts studied.

These was the things that we wants to write in this Rabindranath Tagore Biography blog lifestyle section.

Major Works of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was a born infinite incarnated man. He was interested in many subjects, and in every field, he spread his fame. That’s why he became a great poet, litterateur, writer, painter, and an outstanding social worker. It is said that, at the age when a child plays, in childhood, Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem. Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem, he was only eight years old. In adolescence, he did not even step correctly, and in 1877, at the age of sixteen, he wrote a short story. Rabindranath Tagore composed about 2230 songs. Many great writers made an indelible contribution to Indian culture, especially Bengali culture.

The Achievements of Rabindranath Tagore

  • Rabindranath Tagore was honoured with many achievements or honours in his life, but the most prominent was “Gitanjali”. In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the “Nobel Prize” for Gitanjali.
  • Rabindranath Tagore has given India and Bangladesh the national anthem as his most tremendous honour, a sign of immortality. On every momentous occasion, the national anthem is sung in which “Jana-Gana-mana hai” of India and “Amar Sonar Bangla” of Bangladesh.
  • Not only this, Rabindranath Tagore met a great scientist like Albert Einstein thrice in his life who used to call Rabindranath Tagore Rabbi Tagore.

The Death of Rabindranath Tagore 

Now we have to talk about the most painful thing of this whole Rabindranath Tagore biography blog.

A personality who spread light everywhere. Among the precious gems of India, a diamond whose brilliance spread in all directions. Fantastic literature, songs, stories, novels, articles of Indian culture were received. Such a person died on 7 August 1941 in Kolkata. Rabindranath Tagore is such a personality who, even after death, is immortal.

Read: Dadasaheb Phalke: The Detailed Biography About Him.


So this was the blog about Rabindranath Tagore Biography. Rabindranath Tagore was not a person, but he became a memory for our country. He did many great works for India, and feel us proud across the whole world. I hope Rabindranath Tagore biography motivates you to start and achieve something in your life. 

When and where was Rabindranath Tagore born?

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 in Kolkata, West Bengal.

When and why did Rabindranath Tagore get the Nobel Prize?

In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize. Rabindranath Tagore received this award for his poetry collection Gitanjali, which was his best poetry collection.

When did Rabindranath Tagore get the title of knighthood?

On 3 June 1915, Rabindranath Tagore was given the title of ‘Knight Hood’ by the British administration.

Who gave the title of ‘Gurudev’ to Rabindranath Tagore?

Gandhiji gave the title of “Gurudev” to Rabindranath Tagore.

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