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CV Raman Biography: Personal Life, Career and Achievements



CV Raman biography

Do you know about Indian Scientists? Then you have heard about CV Raman. Today we will give you the CV Raman biography. CV Raman’s full name was Sir Chandra Shekhar Venkata Raman. He was a physicist of India. In 1930 he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics. In 1954, he was also awarded the title of Bharat Ratna by the Government of India. 

For 15 years, 1933–1948, he was a professor at the University of Calcutta, after which he was also the director of his own Raman Indian Academy of Science. He was also the President of the Science Association.

Today the same science association remains the identity of India. At the time when CV Raman was doing his research, at that time there were not many career prospects for scientists in that field. In this blog post, we will discuss every detail of CV Raman biography. 

Early Life of CV Raman

First, we talk Early life of CV Raman in our blog post of CV Raman biography. 

Sir Venkata Raman was born on 7 November 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, South India. He was born in a very simple family; his family income was very less. When Raman was four years old, his father got a job. Raman was born in a Brahmin family of Hindu religion.

His father was religious but was not a blind devote of religion. Raman, like his father, because had a simple approach to religion. Still, he used to see many people that was practising the Hindu religion by becoming a vegetarian in the traditional way. 

He was always religious and virtuous in nature. When he was very young, his father was transferred to Visakhapatnam in 1892. His father, Mr Mathi A.  V. N. He was a lecturer in Physics and Mathematics in the college. His father was very fond of reading, and he used to keep books very dearly, due to which a small library was opened in his house itself.

Because of this, CV Raman got an environment to study in his childhood. As a child, he had read many Hindi and English novels. So he went to Visakhapatnam city to study and studied there at St. Aloysius Anglo Indian High School, and he passed the matriculation examination at the very young age of 11.

CV Raman Education 

CV Raman Biography: Personal Life, Career and Achievements CV Raman biography

Our next thing to include in CV Raman biography is Education. So let’s talk about his Education. At the age of 13, he passed the intermediate examination with a scholarship. He passed his graduation from the University of Madras, which is now in Chennai, in 1904.

In 1902, his father joined the Presidency College in Madras as a lecturer in mathematics and physics. CV Raman first won the gold medal in physics, and then he came first in physics in the entire Madras University in his master’s degree in 1907. 

During his master’s degree, he kept making new discoveries in the laboratory, due to which his professor loved him very much. Very early in his student life, he started doing his research in two areas of optics and acoustics.

Also Read: Bhagat Singh Biography: Education, Life, Bio and Roles

His professor RS Jones suggested that he get his experiment published in the form of his research paper, on which he got his research paper published in the journal to be published from London. The name of that journal was Philosophical Magazine, in which the research of CV Raman was published in the year of 1906; his name was molecular radiation of light. 

CV Raman Family

CV Raman’s father’s name was Chandra Shekhar Iyer, and he was a physics teacher at SPG College. His mother’s name was Parvati Ammal. She was a housewife. CV Raman was the second child of his parents among his eight siblings. His second brother’s name was Raman Subrahmanyan. 

He used to work in IAS. Raman also wanted to go to this department, he had also secured the first position in his examination, but he did not go. Raman was always thinking of doing something new about science; whenever he came home on vacation, he demonstrated his research in front of his siblings.

CV Raman Personal Life

On 6 May 1907, CV Raman was married to Lokasundari Ammala. Loksundari used to play the veena very well and listen to music which was played in CV Raman marriage. They had two sons, one son’s name was Chandrasekhar, and the other son’s name was Radhakrishnan. Radhakrishnan was an astronomer. Chandrasekhar’s uncle Raman Subrahmanyan won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his discovery of nuclear reactions.

CV Raman Career

He was encouraged by British lecturers to take a master’s degree from the United Kingdom, but seeing his ill health, his parents and the Madras Civil Surgeon told him that his health was not sufficient to withstand the British climate, so they asked to stay in India only. CV Raman got the first position in the examination conducted by the British Government in 1917 and got appointed in the Government’s financial department. 

He was appointed to the post of Assistant Accountant in Kolkata. In Kolkata, he used to do his research in the laboratory of ‘The Indian Association for Cultivation of Science’. Then he left the job and got on the post of Honorary Secretary in this laboratory; then, he was appointed as lecturer of physics at Calcutta University.

In 1917, the conference of the British Commonwealth was held in London, in which he represented the University of Kolkata. From here, CV Raman’s journey was for the first time abroad. He also lived in Rangoon for some time. Raman refers to this time as the Golden Age.

Awards and Achievements of CV Raman

  • In 1929, he presided over the 16th session of the Indian Science Congress. He has received an honorary degree from various universities, many medals, including a knighthood and many more.
  • In 1930, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the scattering of light and discovering the Raman effect. He was the first Asian and the first non-white person to receive the Nobel Prize in Science. Before him, Rabindra Nath Tagore received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
  • In 1932, Raman and Suri Bhagwantam discovered the minimum photon in Spain. In this search, both of them cooperated.
  • In 1934, he became the director of the Indian Institute of Science, located in Bangalore. Indian Institute of Science was established in Bangalore in 1909 by JN Tata to develop the knowledge of Indian scientists, which CV Raman decorated with trees and plants. CV Raman played a big role in raising its level later; the name of this institute became known in the world as well. He also worked across the spectrum of steel and looked at steel dynamics differently.

CV Raman Death

The last part of CV Raman biography is his death. He died on 21 November 1970 at the age of 82 in Bangalore. CV Raman had fallen in his laboratory; on taking him to Dr., the doctors told him that he would not be able to survive for long.

After knowing this, he expressed his desire not to stay in the hospital, and he started spending his time with the flowers he planted in the garden of his institute. Two days before his death, CV Raman told one of his students that no journal should be allowed to be published, in which the quality and sensitivity of science has to be compromised.


So this was the end of CV Raman biography. CV Raman is a known name in science; that’s why we have shared the CV Raman biography. Venkata was the first Indian scientist of the modern era who brought great fame to India in science.

The Government of India gave him the country’s highest honour, ‘Bharat Ratna’, for his remarkable contribution in the field of science. Please share CV Raman biography. 

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