Let’s dive into the Bhagat Singh Biography. Bhagat Singh was a prominent freedom fighter of India. The courage with which Bhagat Singh fought the mighty British government for the country’s independence is a great role model for today’s youth. He also refused to run away by throwing a bomb in the Central Parliament (Central Assembly). As a result of which, he was hanged on 23 March 1931 along with his two other companions, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Bhagat Singh was interested in anarchist and Marxist ideology. The whole country remembered his sacrifice very seriously. First, the Saunders-Slaughter in Lahore and then the Explosion in the Central Assembly of Delhi with Chandrashekhar Azad and other members of the Party gave rise to an open rebellion against the British Empire.
Bhagat Singh is considered as one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian nationalist movement. He became associated with many revolutionary organizations and played an important role in the Indian national movement.
Short Summary of Bhagat Singh biography
|Date of Birth||28 September 1907|
|Birth Place||Village Banga, Tehsil Jaranwala, District Lyallpur, Punjab|
|Father’s Name||Kishan Singh|
|Mother’s Name||Vidyavati Kaur|
|Education||D.A.V. High School, Lahore, National College, Lahore|
|Organizations||Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Hindustan Republican Association, Kirti Kisan Party, Kranti Dal Political Ideology Socialism, Nationalism|
|Death||23 March 1931|
|Memorial||The National Martyrs Memorial, Hussainwala, Punjab|
Complete Life of Bhagat Singh (Bhagat Singh Biography)
Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907. He was born in a Sikh family. His father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh, and his mother’s name was Vidyavati Kaur. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre on April 13, 1919, in Amritsar had a deep impact on Bhagat Singh’s thinking.
Bhagat Singh was so agitated by the hanging of 4 revolutionaries, including Ram Prasad ‘Bismil’ and the imprisonment of 16 others in the Kakori incident that along with Pandit Chandrashekhar Azad, his Party joined the Hindustan Republican Association and gave it a new name Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Leaving the National College of Lahore, Bhagat Singh founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha for the independence of India.
His family was politically active. His grandfather, Arjun Singh, was a follower of Dayanand Saraswati in his campaign to reconstruct the Hindu Arya Samaj. This had a great impact on Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh’s father and uncle were also members of the Ghadar Party run by Kartar Singh and Har Dayal Singh. Arjit Singh was exiled due to many legal cases, while Swaran Singh died in Lahore in 1910 after being released from jail.
In 1919, when he was only 12 years old, thousands of unarmed people were killed in Singh Jallianwala Bagh. When he was 14 years old, he was one of those people who used to kill the British for their defence of the country.
Bhagat Singh never adopted the element of non-violence of Mahatma Gandhi, and he believed that it is very important to be violent to get freedom. He always opposed Gandhiji’s campaign of non-violence.
According to him, the reason behind the killing of the villagers in the Chauri Chaura massacre of 1922 was to be non-violent. Since then, Bhagat Singh and some youth started a revolutionary campaign whose main objective was to end the British Raj violently.
Bhagat Singh had the inspiration to serve the country since childhood. He always opposed the British Raj. And at that age, he did a revolutionary movement for playing. He was brave, but he had made his comrades brave as well, and the British were washed away even in his short life. We will get to see many stories of Bhagat Singh’s bravery in history. He is the role model of Indian youth, and today’s youth should also try to be like him.
Bhagat Singh first joined the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. When his family members assured him that they would no longer think of their marriage, Bhagat Singh returned to his home in Lahore. There he interacted with the people of the Kirti Kisan Party and started working for their magazine “Kirti”. He used to convey his message to the country’s youth through this, and Bhagat Singh was a very good writer who also used to write for Punjabi and Urdu papers; in 1926, Bhagat Singh was made the secretary in the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
After this, in 1928, he joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a fundamental party, which Chandrashekhar Azad formed. The whole Party together opposed the Simon Commission, which came to India on 30 October 1928, in which Lala Lajpat Rai was also with him. They stood at the Lahore railway station, shouting, “Go back, Simon”. After which, there was a lathi charge, in which Lala was badly injured, and then he died.
Education of Bhagat Singh (Bhagat Singh Biography)
Bhagat Singh studied till the fifth standard in his village school. After which, his father Kishan Singh enrolled him in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School in Lahore. Bhagat Singh followed the non-cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi at a very young age. Bhagat Singh openly defied the British and followed Gandhi’s wishes by burning government-sponsored books. He even dropped out of school to take admission to the National College, Lahore.
Two events during his teenage days shaped his strong patriotic outlook – the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and the 1921 killing of unarmed Akali protesters at Nankana Sahib. His family believed in the Gandhian ideology of a non-violent approach to attain Swaraj. Bhagat Singh also supported the causes behind the Indian National Congress and the non-cooperation movement.
After the Chauri Chaura incident, Gandhi called for the withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement. Unhappy with the verdict, Bhagat Singh distanced himself from Gandhi’s non-violent action and joined the young revolutionary movement. Thus began his journey as the foremost advocate of violent rebellion against the British Raj.
Role in National Movement and Revolutionary Activities (Bhagat Singh Biography)
Initially, Bhagat Singh’s activities were limited to writing short articles against the British government, outlining the principles of a violent rebellion overthrowing the government and printing and distributing it. Given his influence on the youth and his association with the Akali movement, he became a figure of interest for the government. The police arrested him in the 1926 Lahore bombing case. He was released after five months on a bond of Rs 60,000.
On 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a procession of all parties and marched towards the Lahore Railway Station to protest the arrival of the Simon Commission. The police resorted to a brutal lathi-charge to thwart the progress of the protesters. The confrontation left Lala Lajpat Rai with serious injuries, and he succumbed to his injuries on November 17, 1928. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and his associates plotted the murder of James A. Scott, the superintendent of police.
The lathi-charge was believed to have been ordered. The revolutionaries took the form of Scott as Assistant Superintendent of Police. J.P. Saunders was wrongly killed. Bhagat Singh quickly left Lahore to avoid his arrest. To escape, he shaved his beard and cut his hair, which was a violation of the sacred principles of Sikhism.
Lahore Conspiracy Case and Trial of Bhagat Singh (Bhagat Singh Biography)
Soon after the sentencing, the police raided the HSRA bomb factories in Lahore and arrested several prominent revolutionaries. These individuals, Hans Raj Vohra, Jai Gopal, and Phanindra Nath Ghosh, approved for the government, leading to 21 arrests, including Sukhdev. Jatindra Nath Das, Rajguru and Bhagat Singh were again arrested for the Lahore Conspiracy Case, the murder of Assistant Superintendent Saunders and bomb manufacturing.
Death of Bhagat Singh (Bhagat Singh Biography)
Bhagat Singh was hanged along with his companions Rajguru and Sukhdev in Lahore jail on 23 March 1931 at 7:30 am. It is said that the trio was delighted to be hanged while chanting their favourite slogans such as “Inquilab Zindabad” and “Down with British Imperialism”. Singh and his companions were cremated at Hussainiwala on the banks of river Sutlej.
The Bottom Line
So this was the blog about Bhagat Singh Biography. We hope you got some Inspiration from Bhagat Singh Biography. The sacrifice of Bhagat Singh was precious for our country and gave us freedom to India.